Mulching is a process of keeping the crops healthy by freeing them of the weeds. On the mulching soil around the crops, a material is spread over to protect and improve the health condition of the crops and the soil. The material used is a mulch film made of polyethene material to carry out the process of mulching. The polyethylene material used for making the films include Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE) and Linear Low-Density Polyethylene (LLDPE) as they are economical as well as possess mechanical and chemical resistance properties. Colored mulch films are also available and it was first used in Israel and Europe and later spread across various regions. The color or light-spectrum modification concept has an important role to play in terms of growth. The colored films are specific to particular plants. For example, red is used for tomato plants; green is used for pepper and melons. The colored mulch films are used in the cooler regions depending on the climate. Hence, as the climate change, the mulch films change. According to the report, the global mulch film market was valued at USD 2.9 Billion in 2015 and is projected to attain USD 4.2 Billion by 2021; growing at a CAGR of about 6.3% from 2016 to 2021.
The growing demand for more cultivation is expected to propel the global mulch film market. The others factors such as enhancement of the soil quality, prevention of growth of weed, insect management, conservation of soil moisture loss by reducing the evaporation rate, better quality produce, early maturity of crops, lowering irrigation, and additional financial benefits are anticipated to help boost the global market growth. The government legislation in Western European markets on the utilization of non-biodegradable plastics restricts the demand for the agricultural films. Additionally, the high installation cost of the films is also another challenge for the global market.
The global mulch film market is bifurcated based on the application and region. The application segment is divided into colored, degradable, black, and clear or transparent. The regional segmentation includes North America, Latin America, the Middle East and Africa, Europe, and Asia-Pacific. These regions are further segmented into the U.S.; Brazil, France, the U.K., and Germany; and Japan, China, and India.
The key players expected to dominate the global mulch film market include BASF SE, Britton Group, British Polythene Industries PLC, Group Barbier, AEP Industries Inc. and Armando Alvarez Group, Ab Rani Plast Oy, ExxonMobil Chemical, Plastika Kritis S.A., Trioplast AB, Kuraray Group, Novamont S.p.A. and The Dow Chemical Company.
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Walki has developed a new biodegradable and fiber-based soil mulching film this year. This is the first of its kind organic mulch paper, which helps control weed, to optimize soil conditions, and crop yield.