What all you know about dietary fibers? You might have heard about how important it is for our body. Dietary fibers, also known as roughage, are the indigestible part of food obtained from plants. It consists of 2 important components, namely, soluble fiber and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber that dissolves in water is fermented into physiologically active byproducts & gasses in the colon and can be viscous & prebiotic. Insoluble fiber does not dissolve in water, provides bulking, and is metabolically inert.
The majority of people obtain both types of fibers from supplements and foods. The insoluble fiber sources include root vegetable skins, wheat bran, nuts, fruit skins, seeds, corn bran, whole wheat products, and vegetables, specifically the dark green leafy vegetable. The soluble fiber sources include spinach, grapefruit, grapes, Brussels sprouts, pinto beans, whole-wheat bread, broccoli, oranges, oatmeal, apples, kidney beans, zucchini, and prunes. There are many health benefits of eating dietary fibers few of which are stated below.
All kinds of soluble fibers are said to slow the process of digestion and hence, it takes a while for the body to take up sugar from the eaten food. This aids in preventing a sudden rise in the levels of blood sugar, which forms the basis for controlling diabetes. Soluble fibers also attach to the fatty acids, thus eliminating them out of the body and assist in lowering the levels of LDL cholesterol and protect against heart disease.
Insoluble fibers are believed to enhance the regular bowel movements and thus prevent constipation. Also by keeping the intestines pH optimum, the insoluble fiber assists in preventing microbes from generating substances that can result in colorectal cancer. They also accelerate the removal of waste from the colon. The intake of insoluble fiber may also decrease the risk of developing colon cancer, hemorrhoids, and colitis.
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Apart from this, foods, for instance, whole grains, fruits, and vegetable are rich in fiber but they are also loaded with vitamins and other vital nutrients. So, don’t you think that having a high-fiber diet will keep your health status optimum by the consumption of fibers as well as other important nutrients?