Baking, one of the techniques of cooking food that utilizes extended dry heat, generally in an oven, but can also be done using hot stones or hot ashes. Bread is the most common kind of item that is baked. From the surface of the cookies, bread, and cakes, the heat is transmitted to their center. As the heat passes through them, it converts the dough and batter into the baked items with a soft center and a firm dry crust. Baking can also be mixed with grilling to create a fusion barbecuing version either by using both techniques concurrently or one after the other. It is associated with barbecuing as the conception of masonry oven is just the same to smoke pit.

It is possible to bake almost every type of food, but it is only that few need special protection and care from direct heat. And also there are several methods of providing this protection. Apart from bread, baking is utilized to make pastries, scones, quiches, crackers, pies, pretzels, cakes, cookies, tarts, and more. Collectively, all these famous items are called as “baked foods.”

During the process of baking, there are 11 events that occur concomitantly; few of which, for instance, starch gelatinization, do not take place at room temperature. The baking’s dry heat alters the structure of starches present in the food and gives the brown color to the surface of the baked foods making them visually attractive and also provide them a taste. The browning is the result of the Maillard reaction and the caramelization of sugars. The Maillard browning takes place when the sugars are broken down in the existence of proteins.

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Bread is a dominant food made from the dough of water and flour. It is famous throughout the globe and is one of the former artificial foods. The quantity of kinds of flour and other components differ extensively and also the ways of preparation, which gives the bread different shapes, textures, sizes, and types across the world. The best part is it can be served with any kind of meal. And also it can be utilized as a component for making other culinary preparation, for instance, sandwiches or can be also eaten as a snack. Bread is the staple food of North Africa, the Middle East, in European-derived cultures, and Europe, such as Australia, Southern Africa, and the Americas. Thus, the bread and baked foods market will have a significant growth in these regions.