Ethyl benzene is a chemical compound which has a gasoline-like odor. This compound is clear and flammable in nature. Ethyl benzene naturally present in petroleum. The chemical used for various purposes such as in the manufacture of paints, varnishes, dyes, rubber adhesives; styrene production; additive in gasoline; and as a constituent in asphalt and naphtha.
Ethyl benzene is one of the main constituents of the automobile exhaust, hence is commonly found in the surrounding air. This compound does not persist in the atmosphere as it degrades at a faster rate of about 2–3 days. The level of this chemical compound measured in the atmosphere of urban is higher than that measured in the rural areas. The global analysis of its odor level in water is reported to be 0.3–0.14 parts per million whereas the level in the air is reported to be about 2.3 parts per million.
The chemical compound’s popularity is increasing due to the rising food demand owing to the limited cultivable land which in turn fuels the agricultural and pesticide industry. This, in turn, enhances ethyl benzene demand which is obtained through the natural gas extraction. Ethyl benzene is commonly used in the market as an anti-knocking agent. The exposure to this chemical compound leads to short-term or acute effects, long-term or chronic effects, reproductive or developmental effects, and carcinogenicity as a result of which the governments have set up stringent rules and regulations regarding the use of ethyl benzene in order to control its hazardous effects. Due to the regulations, the global ethyl benzene is hampered to a large extent.
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According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Maximum Contaminant Level (MCLG) for ethyl benzene is 700 ppb. The Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA) permissible exposure limit (PEL) for ethyl benzene in workplace atmosphere is 100 ppm averaged over 8 Hours.
Some of the dominating players in the global ethyl benzene market include Tianjin Jixin Industrial & Trade Co., Ltd., BASF SE, TOTAL S.A, Qufu Xindi Chemical Research Limited Company, The Dow chemical company, BP PLC, CPCC, Exxon Mobil Corp, CNPC, Zhejiang Weishi Biotechnology Co., Ltd., SABIC, Jx Nippon Oil and Energy group, Royal Dutch Shell Plc, and others. The ethyl benzene market is a leading market in the regions such as Asia-Pacific, North America, Latin America, the Middle East and Africa, and Europe. The emerging markets in the regions such as China, South Korea, and Japan are responsible for turning Asia-Pacific into the largest ethyl benzene market.